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Principle of non-cumulation: collective agreement vs employment contract

The principle of non-cumulation in labor law stipulates that an employee cannot combine a benefit provided for by a collective agreement with a benefit of the same nature provided for in his employment contract. The employee is only entitled to receive the benefit once, in its most advantageous form. This principle aims to avoid duplication of benefits that serve the same purpose or have the same cause, ensuring  fairness  and preventing unjust enrichment.

Scope of non-cumulation: benefits with a similar objective or cause

The principle of non-cumulation applies specifically to benefits that share a common objective or cause. If a collective agreement and an employment contract provide for benefits with different purposes or causes, they can be granted separately, because they do not fall under the non-cumulative principle. In such cases, the employee can take advantage of the  distinct benefits  provided for by each agreement.

It is crucial that employers, human resources departments and employees understand and adhere to the principle of non-accumulation. Employers must ensure that benefits provided in collective agreements and employment contracts are aligned and do not overlap. Employees should be aware of their rights and entitlements under each agreement to avoid any potential misunderstandings or conflicts.

Lawyer Grégory DAMY, specializing in labor law in Nice, underlines the importance of applying the principle of non-cumulation to guarantee fairness and avoid double benefits for employees. This principle serves as a guideline for employers and employees to determine the appropriate benefits to provide, taking into account the provisions of collective agreements and individual employment contracts.

By respecting the principle of non-accumulation, employers can ensure compliance with labor laws and avoid possible legal conflicts related to overlapping benefits. Employees, on the other hand, can be assured that they are receiving the benefits to which they are entitled in the most favorable and appropriate manner. Clear communication, proper documentation and compliance with labor regulations are essential to upholding the principle of non-hoarding and promoting a fair working environment.

DAMY Law Firm