La société d’avocats Damy
La Société d'avocats Damy à Nice assure une prestation de haut niveau, de la consultation d’un avocat à la représentation en justice. Les avocats du cabinet sont compétents en droit des affaires, des sociétés, droit immobilier, droit bancaire, droit social, droit des victimes et cas de dommages corporels. Membre de l’Association des avocats praticiens en droit social, Maître Grégory Damy dispose de certificats de spécialisation.
The non-competition clause in labor relations
As part of the employment contract, the non-competition clause prohibits employees from engaging in a competing professional activity after leaving the company, which could harm the employer's interests. In an effort to respect the balance of employer-employee relations, the judges gradually identified the conditions for the validity of this type of clause. The system of financial compensation was clarified by a decision of the social chamber of the Court of Cassation of 7 March 2007. Its amount cannot depend solely on the duration of the contract. Payment must be made after the break-up.
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In a judgment of the Cour de cassation of 16 May 2012 (n°11-10760 PFB), the social chamber considers that the judge cannot declare such a clause null and void and, at the same time, order the employer to pay a financial contribution.
In the present case, an employee, having complied with his non-compete obligation, was claiming from his former employer additional financial compensation, taking into account his variable remuneration.
The Court of Appeal first considered this clause to be null and void in light of a paltry consideration, and then ordered the employer to pay the "good" amount revalued as damages.
However, such a clause being declared null and void by the judges, the financial compensation is no longer justified, regardless of the amount. Only damages could be paid to the employee based on the damage suffered. In the presence of a collective agreement, the amount of the consideration would not have had to be revalued because it is set by the latter (Cass. soc. 5 May 2010, no. 09-40710 D).
Law Firm; DAMY, lawyer at the Nice Bar, specialising in labour law